Definitions
Back in the good ol' days
Computers!
World Wide Web
Surfing the Web
Internet

Let's Talk Computers


"The Internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow. - Bill Gates


Computer Savy 101


The world wide web (WWW) is now used in so many parts of the world as a form of communication and research. It was created for the sole purpose to connect high energy physicists to share data, news, and documentation back in the 1980s - early 1990s. Information about the timeline of the world wide web could be found here. For visual learners, Melih Bigil created a video to best help paint a short fictional picture of the history internet was created. Or see what contributors from wikipedia has to say about the internet If after reading and watching the sources that are on this page you would want to create a website, educate yourself with real html tutorials using this key to assisst you to create your amazing site

The Internet is just a world passing around notes in a classroom. ~Jon Stewart

Fun facts

  • The domain name system of the Internet includes top level domains such as .com, .info, .net, .org, .edu, .mil and .gov as well as country specific domains and more.
  • One of the best and most common ways of finding information on the web is through the use of search engines such as Google, Live and Yahoo. Google is currently the most popular search engine, receiving hundreds of millions of search queries every day.
  • Number of documents in Inktomi Database: over 1 billion
  • Terms to know :

  • INTERNET: an electronic communications network that connects computer networks and organizational computer facilities around the world - www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/internet
  • ARPANET: (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), created by a small research team at the head of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the United States Department of Defense, was the world's first operational packet switching network, and one of the networks that came to compose the global Internet. - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARPANET
  • URL: In computing, a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that specifies where an identified resource is available and the mechanism for retrieving. - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Url
  • HTTP: hypertext transfer protocol: a protocol (utilizing TCP) to transfer hypertext requests and information between servers and browsers - wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn
  • PROTOCOLS are to computer communication what programming languages are to computation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protocol_(computing)
  • SERVER - In computer networking, a server is simply a program that operates as a socket listener - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Server_(computing)
  • TOP-LEVEL DOMAINS - A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Top-level_domain
  • HTML - hypertext markup language: a set of tags and rules (conforming to SGML) for using them in developing hypertext documents - wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn
  • PDF- used for representing two-dimensional documents in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system. - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDF_(Adobe)
  • CSS - Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used to describe the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSS
  • WEBCAST - A webcast is a media file distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Webcast
  • COOKIES - The main purpose of cookies is to identify users and possibly prepare customized Web pages for them. - http://webopedia.internet.com/TERM/C/cookie.html
  • WEB- A system of Internet servers that support specially formatted documents. The documents are formatted in a markup language called HTML (HyperText Markup Language) that supports links to other documents, as well as graphics, audio, and video files. - http://webopedia.internet.com/TERM/W/World_Wide_Web.html
  • STREAMING MEDIA - multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a streaming provider. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_audio
  • STREAMING VIDEO - A video that is sent over the Internet and viewed in real time with a program such as RealSystem or QuickTime. - yahoo.degrees.info/online/education-glossary-q-z.html
  • CYBERSPACE- the electronic medium of computer networks, in which online communication takes place. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyberspace
  • PLUG-INS - A program that adds a specific feature to a user's browser so it is able to play/view certain files. Examples: Flash, Shockwave dl.austincc.edu/students/DLGlossary.html
  • ISP - An Internet service provider (ISP), also sometimes referred to as an Internet access provider (IAP), is a company that offers its customers access to the Internet. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISP
  • TCP/IP - A standard method of sending data packets across a computer network, focused on the routing and connection issues. - oreilly.com/catalog/debian/chapter/book/glossary.html
  • BROWSER- A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Browser_(Web)
  • JAVASCRIPT - A scripting programming language most commonly used to add interactive features to webpages - en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Java_Script
  • WEB 2.0 - A term used to describe a new generation of Web services and applications with an increasing emphasis on human collaboration. - www.headland.co.uk/pages/glossary
  • PUSH TECHNOLOGY - In reference to the Internet or other online services, the technology whereby information is sent directly to a user's computer. - www.uen.org/core/edtech/glossary.shtml
  • SEARCH ENGINE - a computer program that retrieves documents or files or data from a database or from a computer network (especially from the internet) - wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn
  • SPIDERS - Many sites, in particular search engines, use spidering as a means of providing up-to-date data. Web crawlers are mainly used to create a copy of all the visited pages for later processing by a search engine that will index the downloaded pages to provide fast searches. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_crawler








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